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Product code Essay-PH474


Students will be given a variety of topics (Nutrition and Physical activity) to choose from to undertake a systematic review. Students will be expected to formulate a research question, develop a search strategy, apply study inclusion and exclusion criteria, data extraction, assessment of risk of bias, and analysis of study results.


A minimum of 10 full-length original articles or current available evidence published in peer-reviewed epidemiologic and other scientific journals in the chosen topic area will identified, summarized, and organised.


The word length for this written assignment is a maximum of 2000 words excluding reference and tables. The quality of review paper is expected to be closer to publication. Once students have completed this course they will have sufficient knowledge to participate in a systematic review.


Further instructions will be covered in the coming lectures and tutorials about systematic review approaches and outputs.In the meantime, additional readings can be found in VU Collaborate the content section entitled: Supporting materials for systematic review: Assignment 2.


Please choose one of the topics below:



1. Lifestyle, cultural and social and risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes among South Asians

2. Chamomile tea intake for improving glycaemic index in T2D

3. Nutrition interventions to improve oral health and chronic disease (AMI, Stroke, Diabetes,Arthritis)

4. High protein diet and the risk of type 2 diabetes

5. Fat diet in the prevention of diabetes

6. Risk factors for gestational diabetes among South Asians


Physical activity

1. Walk to school in the prevention of childhood obesity

2. 10000 steps to improve CVD/diabetes/mental health

3. Prolonged sitting and risk of chronic disease-Intervention

4. Physical activity determinants among low SES community

5. Physical activity interventions for migrants in Australia

6. Barriers to participating in physical activity among migrant women in Australia





Maximum marks






Describe the rationale for review in the context of what is already known.



Provide an explicit statement of questions being addressed with reference to Participants, Interventions, Comparisons, Outcomes and Study design(PICOS).










Eligibility criteria

Specify study characteristics (such as PICOS, length of follow-up) and report characteristics(such as years considered, language, publication status) used as criteria for eligibility, giving the rationale.


Information sources

Describe all information sources (such as databases with dates of coverage) in the search and date last searched.



Present full electronic search strategy for at least one database including any limits used.
















Study selection

Give numbers of studies screened, assessed for eligibility and included in the review, with reasons for exclusions at each stage, with a flow diagram.


Study Characteristics

For each study, present characteristics for which data were extracted(such as size,PICOS, follow-up period) and provide the citation.


Quality of studies assessment

Describe the methods used for assessing the quality of individual studies and present the data.
















Summary of evidence

Summarise the main findings including the strength of evidence for each main outcome; consider their relevance to key groups(such as health care providers, users and policy makers).



Discuss limitations at study and outcome level (such as risk of bias) and at review level such as incomplete retrieval of identified research, reporting bias.



Provide a general interpretation of the results and implications for the future research.














Download Questions

The occurrence of Gestational Diabetes nowadays is a very common occurrence among the expectant mothers of South Asia. Many a countries including India, Pakistan, China, Singapore has witnessed the same trend. The condition of the situation is going severe as the women of reproductive age are suffering from many gynaecological problems. As per the already relevant materials available about the situation, it is evident that the problem of Gestational Diabetes is widely prevalent not only in the countries of South Asia but also in a global perspective. Rationale A prospective systematic literature review was done for the proper assessment on the Gestational Diabetes review of the women of South Asian Countries. The prevalence of the condition is very high and the consequence of the same is not good for the population. The review will help in the understanding of the underlying causes behind such a development.

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