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Product code Geography-Quizlet1118

1Q-The degree to which government processes and procedures are established, predictable, and routinized.

2Q-organization that tries to influence gov. policy by promoting its ideas and backing candidates for office.

3Q-a concept in comparative political science concerning the system of government by political parties in a democratic country.

4Q-the democratic principle that political leaders must answer to the public for their actions.

5Q-An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote.

6Q-A set of rules that decide how votes are cast, counted, and translated into seats in a legislature.

7Q-A legal system based on custom and court rulings.

8Q-a written set of laws that apply to everyone under a government.

9Q-A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials.

10Q-Theory of reform of bureaucracies that argues for the privatizing of many government services, creating competition among agencies to simulate a market, focusing on customer satisfaction, and flattening administrative hierarchies.

11Q-A process whereby the state co-opts members of the public by providing specific benefits or favors to a single person or a small group in return for public support.

12Q-any interaction in which a group makes claims that conflict with others' interests, leading to coordinated efforts to secure those claims that in some way involve the state.

13Q-Efforts to encourage people to engage in the public sphere: to vote for a particular candidate (and donate money, work on the campaign, etc.) or to get involved in specific issues.

14Q-the perception that one is worse off relative to those with whom one compares oneself

15Q-gaining an advantage in a market without engaging in equally produce activity; usually involves using government regulations for one's own benefit.

16Q-the difficulty in organizing large groups because of the tendency of some individuals to freeload or slack off.

17Q-A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party commitment.

18Q-the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite.

19Q-A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones.

20Q-a widely shared demand for change in some aspect of the social or political order.

21Q-Violence outside of state control that is politically motivated.

22Q-A dilemma that arises when efforts that states make to defend themselves cause other states to feel less secure. This dilemma can lead to arms races and war due to fear of being attacked.

23Q-a political system in which the state requires all members of a particular economic sector to join an officially designated interest group.

24Q-Acts of violence designed to promote a specific ideology or agenda by creating panic among an enemy population.

25Q-a forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system.

26Q-A system of rule in which power depends not on popular legitimacy but on the coercive force of the political authorities.

27Q-an authoritarian ruler's repression creates fear, which then breeds uncertainty about how much support the ruler has; in response, the ruler spends more resources than is rational to co-opt the opposition

28Q-A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group.

29Q-the replacement of a country's government with another government by facilitating the deposing of its leader or leading political party.

30Q-A type of regime change typically involving a negotiated process that removes an authoritarian regime and concludes with a founding election for a new, democratic regime.

31Q-The widespread acceptance of democracy as the permanent form of political activity; all significant political elites and their followers accept democratic rules and are confident everyone else does as well.

32Q-Majoritarian Democracy countries

33Q-Parliamentary Democracy countries

34Q-Consensus Democracy countries

35Q-Presidentialism countries

36Q-Semi-presidentialism countries

37Q-Activities associated with contentious politics

38Q-A revolutionary wave of protests and demonstrations overtaking dictators in the Middle East (2011).

39Q-nations where elections are fair and free and basic civil liberties are honored but may have issues (e.g. media freedom infringement). These nations have significant faults in other democratic aspects, including underdeveloped political culture, low levels of participation in politics, and issues in the functioning of governance.

40Q-are nations where civil liberties and basic political freedoms are not only respected, but also reinforced by a political culture conducive to the thriving of democratic principles.

41Q-Types of Social Movements

42Q-combines elements of liberal autonomy and state corporatism.

43Q-AARP, American Civil Liberties Union, American Conservative Union, NAACP.

44Q-Religion, Economic Systems, Penal Systems, Legal Systems.


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1Q-The degree to which government processes and procedures are established, predictable, and routinized. 1A-Institutionalization

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