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Product Code:- Human-Resource-PH59

Assessment Brief

Individual Essay:

Assessment criteria and student guidance for The Cross Cultural Management Essay.

General Guidance

Select one of the essays below.  Your essay should be 3000 words in length excluding your references.  In answering the questions you must ensure that you engage with key literature in the field that you are studying.  At Masters level there is an expectation that you will engage with Journal articles and published research more than text books.  You may use texts where writers have written about a particular topic in depth but try to avoid very general basic texts in organisational behaviour or management as these will not give you enough depth for your assignment.  You should conduct searches related to your topic through Emerald and EBSCO, which are on-line Journal databases.   Please ensure that you reference all work correctly using Harvard standard.  Please also ensure that you check your work for Plagiarism through Turnitin and attach a copy of the Turnitin report with your final submission.  Please also ensure that your digital copy of your assignment in Turnitin and your hard copy are the same or you will be awarded 0 and fail the assignment.

The two key Journals that you should be accessing for this assignment are listed below.  You can access these through the e resources available to you at Roehampton University Library pages.

Journal of Cross Cultural Management: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1352-7606

International Journal of Cross Cultural Management: http://ccm.sagepub.com/

For guidance on how to reference and academic writing please consult the University “How To” booklet which can be accessed at: 


What are we looking for in your essays?

In general all essays should:

  • Demonstrate a clear understanding of the topic area related to the essay.
  • Show evidence of wide engagement with key literature in the topic area being considered.
  • Include critical discussion of the key concepts, models and theories that underpin the topic you are discussing.  This means moving beyond description and contrasting the similarities and differences between different approaches to the topic.
  • Use of relevant and focussed examples from published literature or your experience that support your discussion or a position that you are taking.  Be very clearly focussed when using work placed examples and ensure they are general enough to be applicable to your essay.
  • A professional structure, it is an essay not a report so prose format in required.  Use paragraphs, do not use bullet points.  Use diagrams if and where appropriate but make sure you discuss them if they are used.   Ensure that you proof read your work and that it is presented well.  
  • Ensure that you have a clear structure.  That requires an introduction setting context and outlining approach, the main body of your essay directly related to the question set and a clear conclusion which addresses the question set.
  • Ensure that your English and expression are clear.
  • Ensure that your references conform to Harvard standard and reference all sources, including those from the Internet accurately.


Essay Titles and Assessment Criteria

Question one

  1. Critically evaluate Hofstede’s contribution to our understanding of cultural differences.  What do you think are the strengths and limitations of his research?
    1. National Culture comparing betweenSingapore and Japan

Assessment Criteria

  • Introduction
    • Demonstrates a clear understanding of Hofstede’s work on cultural differences and summarises research and conceptual contribution appropriately. (20%)
  • Literature Review
    • Engagement with research literature and journal articles related to applications of Hofstede’s work and key critiques of his work.  (20%)
  • Critical Evaluate Topic  (Do Not explain what is Hofstede but instead compare the topic Strength and weakness using Hofstede Model)
    • Critical evaluation and discussion of the strengths and weaknesses in Hofstede’s work.  (30%)
  • Clear structure and presented in a professional format.  (10%)
  • References according to Harvard format.  (10%) – 50-60 references
  • Draws clear conclusion from the discussion.  (10%)

How will your work be assessed?

Your work will be assessed by a subject expert who will use the marking grid provided in this assessment brief.  When you access your marked work it is important that you reflect on the feedback so that you can use it to improve future assignments.


You MUST use the Harvard System.  The Harvard system is very easy to use once you become familiar with it.

Assignment submissions

The Business School requires a digital version of all assignment submissions.  These must be submitted via Turnitin on the module’s Moodle site.  They must be submitted by 2pm on the given date.  For further general details on coursework preparation refer to the online information via StudentZonehttp://studentzone.roehampton.ac.uk/howtostudy/index.html

Mitigating circumstances/what to do if you cannot submit a piece of work or attend your presentation

The University Mitigating Circumstances Policy can be found on the University website - Mitigating Circumstances Policy

Marking and feedback process

Between you handing in your work and then receiving your feedback and marks within 20 days, there are a number of quality assurance processes that we go through to ensure that students receive marks which reflects their work. A brief summary is provided below.

  • Step One – The module and marking team meet to agree standards, expectations and how feedback will be provided.
  • Step Two – A subject expert will mark your work using the criteria provided in the assessment brief.
  • Step Three – A moderation meeting takes place where all members of the teaching and marking team will review the marking of others to confirm whether they agree with the mark and feedback
  • Step Four – Work at Levels 5 and 6 then goes to an external examiner who will review a sample of work to confirm that the marking between different staff is consistent and fair
  • Stop Five – Your mark and feedback is processed by the Office and made available to you.

Resit Assignment

If you need to resit any parts of this assessment, the requirements are as follows:-

You are required to re-work your original submission in line with the original assessment brief and criteria. Your re-submission must address the feedback comments provided by the marker on the original submission.  You should provide a summary of the marker’s original feedback from your first submission together with a commentary [up to 500 words] that explains how your revisions improve the original submission by addressing the original feedback.

In brief your resit submission MUST include:-

•           A summary of the original feedback,

•           A reflective account [Up to 500 words] detailing how your revisions have addressed the feedback, and

•           The reworked assignments.

1- Essay

You will submit a new version of your work considering the feedback given to you accompany with up to 500 words report on your response to the feedback given by markers

In the original marking grid there are 10 marks for presentation and commination which in the resit marking grid the original 10 marks of presentation and communication will be allocated to the reflective report on how you implement

Download Questions

The seminal work of Hofstede on cultural management has explored all behavioral aspects. In modern days, globalization occurs in various management disciplines from marketing to information systems of management.

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