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Assessment Task

Using 21st Century leadership as a basis for your literature review, outline the key academic themes on this topic. Using good quality academic sources you should outline the following:

What are the predicted key competencies for 21st century leaders? How are these similar or different to classical leadership capabilities?

What are the underlying causes of changes to leadership competencies?

Compare, contrast, synthesise and critically analyse the academic research on this topic.

Present an overall, evidence based conclusion on the topic.

You must write a 2,500 word critical literature review on this topic. You must use good quality academic sources to give an overview of 21st Century Leadership, such as academic journals and quality practitioner materials and sources. You must discuss and critique the sources that you use in order to reach evidence based conclusions.

You are required to use good quality academic sources throughout your work to support your arguments.

A critical literature review requires you to look at good quality research on your chosen topic to give an overview of the research in this area. This will require you to discuss academic definitions, identify key themes in the literature, and discuss the potential applications and implications of the literature and to show that you understand the quality of the sources that you are using.

Complete your discussions with an overall conclusion which is based on and referenced with quality academic material.

Your work must be fully Harvard referenced and include a separate reference list at the back of your work.


An outstanding Distinction


Work which fulfils all the criteria of the grade below, but at an exceptional standard.

A very strong Distinction


Work of distinguished quality which is evidenced by an authoritative comprehensive, detailed and systematic knowledge base and understanding for specialised area of study.  A key feature will be the ability to work with creativity and originality using knowledge and insights at the forefront of the area of study.  There will be a confident grasp of disciplinary methodologies for the discipline/area of study which will be consistently reflected in both own research and advanced scholarship, effectively integrating advanced skills of analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application on a firm foundation of critical facility.  Work will be characterised by strong technical expertise to high professional standards, and there will be sustained evidence of confident, autonomous operation and judgment in complex and unpredictable professional situations both in relation to working with others and in relation to own functioning.  Self-direction, creativity, practical understanding will be combined to demonstrate the qualities expected of an effective self critical independent learner exercising excellent measured judgment, and will be a consistent feature of work.



A clear Distinction


Work of very good quality which displays most but not all of the criteria for the grade above.



An outstanding merit


Work of highly commendable quality which clearly fulfils the criteria for the grade below, but shows a greater degree of capability in relevant advanced intellectual or specialised skills.



A  very strong Merit


Work of commendable quality demonstrating a detailed and systematic knowledge base and understanding in specialised areas, informed by critical awareness of current issues, research based/theoretical insights at the forefront of the area of study.  This will be supplemented by a good comprehensive understanding of disciplinary methodologies relevant to own research or advanced scholarship, which will be reflected in work which integrates skills of advanced analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application with critical awareness.  There will be some evidence of originality in application of skills/knowledge, underpinned by good technical expertise which permits confident, autonomous operation in a range of complex and unpredictable professional situations.  The ability to work autonomously, as a self critical independent learner exercising good and considered judgment, will be a consistent feature of work.



A Merit


Work of good quality which contains most, but not all of the characteristics of the grade above.





A very good Pass


Work of capable quality which clearly demonstrates a systematic understanding of knowledge in specialised areas and a critical awareness of current issues, research based/theoretical knowledge at the forefront of the area of study, together with a sound understanding of methodologies applicable to own research or advanced scholarship.  There may be limitations to the application of this knowledge and/or conceptual understanding of advanced scholarship, but there will be evidence of critical awareness in relation to analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application.  The ability to exercise initiative as an independent and self critical learner in complex and unpredictable professional contexts will be demonstrated, as will threshold levels of technical expertise, although the scope of expertise may be limited.

A Pass


Work of satisfactory quality which contains most, but not all, of the characteristics of the grade above.




Work which indicates some evidence of a systematic, coherent and analytical engagement with key aspects of the field of study, including familiarity with current scholarship, and evidence of ability to utilize specialised skills, but which also contains significant limitations.


Work that falls well short of the threshold standards in relation to one or more of knowledge, intellectual, subject based or key skills at this level.


Work of poor quality which is based only on minimal understanding, application or effort.  It will offer only very limited evidence of familiarity with knowledge or skills appropriate to the field of study at this level.


Nothing, or nothing of merit, presented.




Learning outcomes

The learning outcomes being addressed through this assignment are:



a)         Critically explain the value and importance of an integrated perspective to organisational leadership.

b)         Apply a range of analytical models and conceptual tools and techniques in the analysis of organisations.

c)         Demonstrate knowledge applied to practical situations of business management. 

d)        Engage in critical, developmental reflection about professional knowledge. 

e)         Produce evidence-based arguments and conclusions.


f)         Demonstrate an ability to work effectively as an individual and group member in order to carry out tasks linking theory to practice

g)         Make discriminating use of a range of learning resources in order to solve business related problems.

h)         Communicate the solutions arrived at, and the thinking underlying them, in written form.








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“Be, Know , Do” Model of leadership is one of the most popular model used by managers in army and other value-based organizations.

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