Product Code:- Sociology-PH188
Assignment 2: Sociological Theories of Criminal Behaviour (15%)
This assignment is graded out of 100 marks and is worth 15 per cent of your final course grade. It is due at the end of Unit 2. The assignment has three parts:
Part B: Write one short essay of 600–800 words.
Part C: Write one short essay of 600–800 words applying the concepts from the course readings.
Part A: Short Paragraph (20 marks)
Answer two of the following questions in short, one or two paragraph answers of 150–250 words each. (10 marks each)
Note Make sure to define the process of labelling in your answer.
Note Both readings are assigned in Unit 2, Topic 2.3.
Part B: Short Essay (40 marks)
Answer one of the following questions in a short essay of 600–800 words.
Note Recall how these three components were outlined in the “Introduction” section of the textbook.
Select and compare one of the positivist chapters in your text (Chapters 3–6) with one of the constructivist chapters (Chapters 7–10).
How do the theories you have selected differ in their explanation of crime or deviance? What is the significance of this difference? For example, why would you choose one approach over the other, or what do you learn from one that you do not with the other?
Part C: Applied Short Essay (40 marks)
Answer one of the following questions in a short essay of 600–800 words using the readings from Unit 2 and the provided videos.
Watch the following video and briefly summarize the main ideas presented during Philip Zimbardo’s discussion of how people become monsters or heroes. Based on the definitions and theories regarding crime covered so far in this course, how would you view and explain the treatment of inmates at Abu Ghraib? Explain your answer by providing your reasons.
This video contains graphic and disturbing images. Viewer discretion is advised.
Zimbardo, P. (2008). Philip Zimbardo: The psychology of evil. TED. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.ted.com/talks/philip_zimbardo_on_the_psychology_of_evil?language=en
Watch the following video and briefly summarize the main ideas presented by Jim Fallon in his discussion of the mind of a killer. Based on what you have learned so far about the different theoretical frameworks in the sociology of crime and deviance, how would you classify Fallon’s explanation? Explain your answer by providing your reasons. What are the strengths and/or drawbacks of Fallon’s approach?
Fallon, J. (2009). Jim Fallon: Exploring the mind of a killer. TED. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.ted.com/talks/jim_fallon_exploring_the_mind_of_a_killer?language=en
Part A 1. Interpreting Merton’s statement: The main underlying theory of the statement “Contemporary [North] American culture appears to approximate the polar type in which great emphasis upon certain success-goals occurs without equivalent emphasis upon institutional means” is based on Robert Merton’s strain theory in order to explain the heightened rate of crime witnesses in USA (Akers, 2017). The eminent sociologist argued that the existing American cultural system is built on American Dream that provides one with meritocratic ideology of assuring the public with equal opportunity regardless of class, ethnicity and gender.
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